How the oil industry created a 'deep state' in Canada - 2017-10-06
You may have heard the term "deep state" in recent months, especially out of the United States. It is a powerful term, but in Canada its meaning is getting stripped. Up here, "deep state" is in danger of becoming just another term for bureaucratic inertia and a resistant civil service. That distorts the concept, so let's take a look at this term, and an example of a deep state in Canada.
Democracy depends on a wide range of institutions: political parties; courts, police, and media; non-partisan civil servants and arms-length regulators; and universities with experts who pursue truth wherever evidence may lead. A key feature of democracy is that these institutions are genuinely independent. They are not beholden to any private interest, and are instead loyal to the public interest and obedient to the rule of law.
But what happens when public institutions lose their independence? Even more, what happens when a whole series of democratic institutions falls under the sway of one private interest? This would occur, for example, when the governing party, the opposition party, the civil service, universities and regulators all follow the lead of the same private interest.