User:Abbie Normal/Michael Langone

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Michael D. Langone, Ph.D.
Born 1947 Template:Cn
Residence United States
Nationality American
Fields psychology, cults, new religious movements
Institutions International Cultic Studies Association
Known for Recovery from Cults, Cultic Studies Journal, founding editor[1]
Notable awards Leo J. Ryan Award, 1995

Michael D. Langone is an American counseling psychologist who specialises in research about "cultic" groups and psychological manipulation.[2][3] He is executive director of the International Cultic Studies Association[4] and founding editor of the journal Cultic Studies Journal, later the Cultic Studies Review.[1][5][6]

Langone is author and co-author of several books and articles. He first joined the International Cultic Studies Association (at that time known as the "American Family Foundation") in 1981.[3]

In 1995 he was honored as visiting scholar at Boston University's Albert and Jessie Danielsen Institute Template:Cn He received the Cult Awareness Network's Leo J. Ryan Award in the same year.[7]


Langone writes that cults "need not be religious in nature but may be psychotherapeutic, political, or commercial".[8] He presents three different models for conversion and then describes his own integrative model. The deliberative model states that people are said to join cults primarily because of how they view a particular group. Langone notes that this view is most favored among sociologists and religious scholars, the "psychodynamic model", popular with some mental health professionals, individuals choose to join for fulfillment of subconscious psychological needs, and the "thought reform model" states that people do not join because of their own psychological needs, but because of the group's influence through forms of psychological manipulation.[9]

Langone is a proponent of the theory of mind control. Anson Shupe and Susan Darnell describe the AFF, headed by Michael Langone as offering the most public support for the mind-control theory through its Cultic Studies Journal, a theory that Shupe questions .[10]





External links

See also

Template:Opposition to NRMs Template:New Religious Movements